On their trek north toward the United States, some 19,000 migrant children have crossed the dangerous jungle sprawling the border between Panama and Colombia so far this year, UNICEF said Monday.
The number of children who crossed the Darien Gap is almost three times higher than the total for the previous five years, it said in a statement, adding that one-fifth of migrants crossing the border are children, and half of them are under 5 years old.
In 2021, at least five children were found dead in the jungle, the agency said, adding that “more than 150 children arrived in Panama without their parents, some of them are newborn babies — a nearly 20-time increase compared to last year.”
Migrant children sometimes travel with relatives or in the hands of human smugglers.
Jean Gough, UNICEF regional director, said, “Deep in the jungle, robbery, rape and human trafficking are as dangerous as wild animals, insects and the absolute lack of safe drinking water. Week after week, more children are dying, losing their parents or getting separated from their relatives while on this perilous journey.”
UNICEF said migrants of more than 50 nationalities — from Africa, South Asia and South America — have crossed the area.
In early 2021, Panamanian authorities had warned of a possible crisis after opening the borders that had for months been closed because of the pandemic.
By September, the immigration authorities of the Central American nation reported a record 91,305 migrants entered from neighboring Colombia. Of these, 56,676 were Haitians and 12,870 Cubans.
The Darien Gap, an extensive and inhospitable strip of tropical forest that divides Panama and Colombia, is considered one of the world’s most dangerous journeys.
Migrants move along trails, vulnerable to drug gangs and assailants, wildlife, and rivers.